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Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security

Membership Privacy: A Unifying Framework For Privacy Definitions

Ninghui Li - Purdue University

Oct 30, 2013

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Abstract

Data collected by organizations and agencies are a key resource
in today's information age. The use of sophisticated data mining techniques
makes it possible to extract relevant knowledge that can then be used for a
variety of purposes, such as research, developing innovative technologies
and services, intelligence and counter-terrorism operations, and providing
inputs to public policy making. However the disclosure of those data poses
serious threats to individual privacy. In this talk, we present a novel
privacy framework that we call Membership Privacy, which prevents the
adversary from significantly increasing its ability to conclude that an
entity is in the input dataset. Membership privacy is parameterized by a
family of distributions that captures the adversary's prior knowledge. The
power and flexibility of the proposed framework lies in the ability to
choose different distribution families to instantiate membership privacy.
Many privacy notions in the literature are equivalent to membership privacy
with interesting distribution families, including differential privacy,
differential identifiability, and differential privacy under sampling. The
framework also provides a principled approach to developing new privacy
notions under which better utility can be achieved than what is possible
under differential privacy. This is joint work with Wahbeh Qardaji, Dong
Su, Yi Wu, and Weining Yang.

About the Speaker

Ninghui Li is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at
Purdue University. He received a Bachelor's degree from the University of
Science and Technology of China in 1993 and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from
New York University in 2000. Before joining the faculty of Purdue in 2003,
he was a Research Associate at Stanford University Computer Science
Department for 3 years. Prof. Li's research interests are in security and
privacy, and has published over 100 referred papers in this area. Prof. Li
is an ACM Distinguished Scientist and IEEE Senior member. In June 2013, he
was elected Vice Chair of ACM Special Interest Group on Security, Audit and
Control (SIGSAC). He served on the editorial board of the VLDB Journal from
2007 to 2013, and is current on the editorial board of IEEE Transactions on
Dependable and Secure Computing (TDSC).

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